TECNIQUE FOR ESTIMATING THE EFFICIENCY OF NOISE PROTECTIVE ACOUSTIC SCREENS IN THE PRESENCE OF FLAT ANTI-DIFFRACTORS
To increase the efficiency of acoustic screens when protecting against acoustic noise, anti-diffractors are used to reduce the
diffraction level on the upper edge of the screen. The aim of the work is to refine the mathematical model used to assess noise protection efficiency with the help of an acoustic screen with an installed one-sided flat-type anti-diffractor. The well-known techniques based on the principle of the amplitude dependence of the sound wave intensity from two sources are analyzed: a point-type noise source and a secondary cylindrical wave source - the screen edge, on which the sound wave is diffracted.
Taking into account that the change in the distance between the anti-diffractor and the working point in the acoustic shadow zone is associated with a change in the diffraction angle, it is proposed to evaluate the acoustic screen effectiveness by comparing the initial sound wave propagation paths. An approach to a mathematical calculation model formation is proposed, in which the diffraction point located at the intersection of two components of the wave path to the operating point is considered to be the location of the sound wave secondary source in the area of the screen upper edge: from the noise source to the flat-type anti-diffractor installed on the upper edge of the screen, and from the anti-diffractor rear edge to the operating point. Relationships that make it possible to solve the problem of analytical assessment of noise-protective acoustic screens' effectiveness when installing anti-diffractors on their upper face in the form of flat hinged panels oriented towards the acoustic shadow are obtained.
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Copyright (c) 2021 E.V. Fedoseeva, V.V. Bulkin, M.V. Kalinichenko
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